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Piirroskuva kahdesta autoilijasta

Do you know the traffic rules?

Do you know the rules of giving way? Many Finns feel that it pays to repeat the rules. The need for repetition is greatest when it comes to the rules of giving way between motorists and cyclists. The traffic protection survey also showed the need to repeat traffic signs. For example, do you know what speed limit is included in the traffic sign of the pedestrian street? Or do you recognize the new traffic brand of the bike street?

Repeat the rules

When you know the traffic rules and follow them, there are fewer risk situations and confrontations in traffic. We have put together some important situations regarding swerving rules on this page. Repeat them below.

Stop for pedestrians at a crossing point

The driver shall stop for pedestrians who are on a pedestrian crossing or who are preparing to go out on it.

Linja-auto ja henkilöauto väistävät suojatietä ylittävälle jalankulkijalle

Crossing the road as a cyclist

When a cyclist comes from the cycle path to the carriageway and is going to cross the carriageway, the place can look in several different ways. You can use a marked continuation of a bike path, only pedestrian crossing markings (for pedestrians), or the place may be unchecked.

The continuation of the cycle path is only marked if those driving on the carriageway are obliged to give way with a road sign: obligation to give way at the junction (triangle with tip), compulsory stop (STOP mark) or give way at a place where cyclists cross the road (new sign). At the latter, the continuation of the cycle path shall be constructed.

Kuvassa korotettu pyörätien jatke. Kuvitus: Jussi Kaakinen/Liikenneturva.

If the obligation to give way has not been demonstrated by the aforementioned road signs, the swerving is determined in accordance with the traffic rule. Cyclists coming from a cycle path to the carriageway should swerve for traffic on the carriageway from both the right and the left. In addition, it should be noted that when turning with the vehicle, you must always swerve for pedestrians, cyclists and moped riders crossing intersecting roads.

Tien ylitys suojatietä pitkin pyöräilijänä

The change in road markings on the continuation of a cycle path is not immediately visible on the road as road holders have a transitional period of two years to change the markings after June 2020. Please note that road markings do not necessarily correspond to traffic signs during the transitional period.

Vanha pyörätien jatke

After the two-year transition period, places where you cycle across the carriageway must be corrected either by stating the obligation to give way to traffic on the carriageway with a traffic sign (pictured below with the triangle)…

Pyörätien jatke kolmiolla.

… or by changing the marking on the carriageway only by the road designation of the crossing point (as shown in the picture below).

Cyclists can also cross the road along the pedestrian crossing. If the cyclist leads his or her bike along the pedestrian crossing, he or she is a pedestrian, with motorists having to swerve for him or her.

Pyöräilijä ylittää tien suojatietä pitkin.

Road sign steers

Anyone coming from a direction with a triangle or stop mark shall also swerve for those who use the continuation of a cycle path at an intersection.

You can’t drive past the stop sign even by bike without stopping.

Kärkikolmion takaa tulevan autoilijan on väistettävä risteyksessä.

The one who swings swerves

A driver who turns should swerve for pedestrians, cyclists and moped riders crossing the road at an intersection.

Kääntyvä autoilija väistää risteävää tietä ylittäviä.

Out on the road from a farm

Always give way to others who move on the road when driving out onto the road from a farm, parking lot, farm street or any other similar place.

Pihasta ja vastaavalta alueelta tulevan on väistettävä muita tienkäyttäjiä.

Circulation site

Motorists driving to or leaving a roundabout shall swerve for pedestrians, cyclists and moped riders crossing the road. When entering a roundabout, you pass a road sign stating a duty to give way. When leaving a roundabout, you should swerve for pedestrians, cyclists and moped riders crossing the road.

Liikeneympyrään ajavan ja sieltä poistuvan on väistettävä tietä ylittäviä.

Bicycle street

The bike street is a completely new type of street where you move on cyclists’ terms. Motorists are allowed to drive on the bike path, but they have to adapt the speed to the speed of the bike. On the bicycle street there is a pedestrian walkway. The bicycle street sign itself does not indicate the speed limit, but it has been marked separately with the speed limit mark.

piirroskuva pyöräkadusta

Bike lanes for bikers only.

Road markings can distinguish bike lanes intended for cyclists. You are no longer allowed to drive a moped on a bicycle field. Cycle lanes can also be marked with road signs. On bike lanes you drive according to the same rules as on the carriageway. When cycling on the carriageway, you should pass parked cars at such a distance that a door that opens does not cause danger.

Pyöräkaista jatkossa vain pyöräilijöille

The add-on sign allows cycling in two directions on a one-way street

On a one-way road you can cycle in two directions, if the traffic sign’s additional sign is allowed. The additional signs come both in connection with the sign indicating a one-way road and in connection with the prohibited direction of travel sign. The cyclist must move at the right edge in relation to the direction of travel.

Special attention shall be paid to meeting situations, street ends and, for example, farm connections and other crossings.

Kuvassa yksisuuntainen katu jota voi pyöräillä kahteen suuntaan.

The Road Traffic Act changed

The Road Traffic Act was renewed in June 2020. Although familiar rules in traffic are mainly followed, there were some changes as well. The biggest changes to the new law are communicated to the traffic environment through the traffic signs. The renewal also brought some brand new brands along the way.

Many changes to road signs and markings still have a transitional period of several years. During the transition period, new and old marks and markings will appear along the way, which requires special attention and also flexibility if each of us needs to.

Traffic signs

The Road Traffic Act was renewed in June 2020 and it also resulted in approximately 50 brand new traffic signs. At the same time, there were small changes on many familiar brands. Here are six examples of the new traffic signs from left to right: on a higher line minimum speed, centre and duty to give way at a place where cyclists cross the road. On the lower row of bike lanes, cycling and driving with mopeds prohibited as well as traffic with motorized vehicle with studded tires prohibited.

Uusia liikennemerkkejä

Speed limits change

The maximum permitted speed for passenger or vans in combination with a light trailer or boat trailer with a classification mass of not more than 750 kg is 100 km/h in the future. For vans, as well as for motorhomes up to 3500 kg, the vehicle-specific speed limit disappears. In the future, they may be driven according to the road-specific limit (maximum 120 km/h).

The speed limit is not the same as the recommended speed. Observe the conditions, vehicle and loading when selecting the speed.

Piirroskuva jossa auto vetää peräkärryä ja toinen auto vetää asuntovaunua

When turning onto a road with two or more lanes, you can choose lanes freer

If on a crossing carriageway there are two or more lanes in the direction of travel, the vehicle may disembarn from the junction using the most appropriate lane taking into account the other traffic. Assess the situation before turning: consider any meetings, next to driving and subsequent. If traffic is busy, it is still safest to select the nearest file. Those who swing in the same direction from opposite directions cannot know on the basis of the benchmark which file you are about to swing. Always remember to use blinkers and have enough speed when turning and changing lanes.

piirros kuva autosta kääntymässä ja nuolet ohjaamassa kääntymään sopiville kaistoille

Road-specific use for winter tires

Winter tires should be used from the beginning of November to the end of March, if required by the road team. If January is characterized by midsummer weather, you can drive with summer tires. Consider the conditions as a whole, not only according to the road conditions on the main roads. Don’t let winter surprise you. Only drive with tyres that are in good condition. Check the tread depth regularly. Motorcycles and mopeds also have winter tyre requirements.

Talvirenkaiden käyttö keliperusteiseksi

Parking on the left side of the road

On two-way roads in urban areas it is allowed to park and stop even on the left side of the road. Park on the left side of the road only if it does not cause danger or inconvenience to road users.

Show others your intentions both when you park and when you want to leave the car park – in Swedish: use blinkers.Drive calmly and remember that you need to swerve for both rear-end and oncoming traffic. When opening the door whether you are a driver or a passenger, remember to make sure you do not open the door in front of cyclists.

Piirroskuva vasemmalle puolelle katua pysäköivästä autosta

Association of the files

A mark with a red double-branched arrow on the blue bottom indicates that two files are joined. When you see it, you have to prepare to move to a united file. In turn, the united file is transferred according to the so-called flashbox principle. Foresight and adequate safety distances increase traffic agility and safety: slow down before moving your car sideways.

Piirroskuva kaistojen yhdistymisestä

Obligaroteric taillight on bike when it is dark

The bicycle shall in future be equipped with a red tail lamp in addition to the light front lamp. Also remember to check the reflexes.

Pyörän punainen takavalo pakolliseksi pimeällä