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Piirroskuva kahdesta autoilijasta

Do you know the rules of the road?

Do you know the rules of the road? The Road Safety Act came into force in Finland on June 1st 2020. Compared to the previous law, the new Road Traffic Act brought some changes like new road markings and traffic signs. For example, do you recognize the new bicycle street traffic sign or know what it means?

Here are a few of the key rules concerning cyclists and motorists and giving way at junctions.

Give way for pedestrians at a zebra crossing

Drivers must give way to pedestrians who are on a zebra crossing or preparing to step onto one.

Linja-auto ja henkilöauto väistävät suojatietä ylittävälle jalankulkijalle

Crossing the road as a cyclist

A place for cyclists to cross a road can be indicated with a cycling path extension, a zebra crossing or there may be no
markings on the road at all. A cycling path extension is only marked if drivers are required to give way by one of the following signs:

  • give way
  • stop
  • give way to cycles

and at traffic light-controlled crossing points.

If the obligation to give way has not been indicated with a road sign, the traffic rules determine who should give way at the intersection of a cycle path and a carriageway. At the intersection, a cyclist entering the road from a
cycle path must give way to drivers coming from both the left and the right. Regardless of this, drivers must always give way to pedestrians, cyclists and moped riders who are crossing the street that the vehicle is turning onto.

Cyclists can cycle across the road using a zebra crossing. If the cyclists are pushing their bikes across the zebra crossing, they are classified as pedestrians and motorists must give way to them.

On the left, the obligation to give way has been indicated with a give way sign. On the right the cyclists are entering the road from a cycle path and must give way to drivers coming from both directions.
Pyöräilijä ylittää tietä korotettua pyörätienjatketta pitkin.
The new give way to cycles -sign indicates the obligation to give way to cyclists at a road crossing point.

The new Road Traffic Act entered into force on June 1st 2020. According to the new law, cycling path extensions are only marked if other traffic is obliged to give way. This change has a transition period of two years. Please note that during the transition period, road markings may not correspond to the road signs. Follow the signs and the traffic situation as a whole.

Follow the road sign

Both give way sign and stop sign mean that at an intersection you must give way also to the cyclists crossing the road.

Also as a cyclist, don’t pass a stop sign without stopping or run a red light.

Kärkikolmion takaa tulevan auton on väistettävä risteyksessä.

The vehicle turning must give way

When turning, give way to pedestrians, cyclists and moped riders crossing the road. Always take care when approaching an intersection

Kääntyvän autoilijan väistettävä risteävää tietä ylittävää jalankulkijaa, pyöräilijää ja mopoilijaa.

Exiting a courtyard

Give way to other road users whenever you enter the road from a courtyard, parking lot, residential zone etc.

Kun ajat pihakadulle tai poistu sellaiselta sinun on väistettävä muuta liikennettä.

Roundabout

Motorists entering and exiting a roundabout must give way to pedestrians, cyclists and moped riders who are crossing the road.

Liikenneympyrään ajavan ja sieltä poistuvan on väistettävä muuta liikennettä.

Bicycle street

The bike street is a completely new type of street where you move on cyclists’ terms. Motorists are allowed to drive on the bike path, but they have to adapt the speed to the speed of the bike. On the bicycle street there is a pedestrian walkway. The bicycle street sign itself does not indicate the speed limit, but it has been marked separately with the speed limit mark.

Pyöräkadulla kuljetaan pyöräilijöiden ehdoilla.

Cycle lanes for cyclists only

Cycle lanes can be marked with a road sign or road markings or both. Riding on a cycle lane is subject to the same rules as riding on the road.

Keep a good distance between yourself and parked cars so you don’t get doored.

Pyöräkaista on vain pyöräilijöille, sillä ei saa ajaa mopolla.

One-way street

With additional signs, two-way bicycle traffic can be allowed on one-way roads. The signs are used in connection with the road signs for a one-way road and no entry.

Cycle on your right. Be careful with oncoming traffic, when the one-way road comes to an end and at junctions to courtyards etc.

Lisäkilvin sallittu pyöräily kahteen suuntaan yksisuuntaisella tiellä.

The Road Traffic Act changed

The Road Traffic Act entered into force on June 1st 2020. For the most part the rules of the road stay the same compared to the previous law. Some changes like new road markings and traffic signs were introduced.

As many changes have transition periods, there will be both old and new rule implementations, like road markings, visible in traffic environments for a while. Extra vigilance is thus required from all road users.

Traffic signs

The new Road Traffic Act introduced approximately 50 brand new traffic signs. Some changes were made to old traffic signs as well.
Here are six examples of the new traffic signs. On the top row from left to right:

  • Minimum speed
  • Centre
  • Give way for cycles.

On the bottowm row from left to right

  • Cycle lane
  • No cycles or mopeds
  • No vehicles with studded tyres.
Vuonna 2020 uudistunut tieliikennelaki toi mukanaan uusia liikennemerkkejä.

Speed limits change

The maximum permitted speed for passenger or vans in combination with a light trailer or boat trailer with a classification mass of not more than 750 kg is 100 km/h in the future. For vans, as well as for motorhomes up to 3500 kg, the vehicle-specific speed limit disappears. In the future, they may be driven according to the road-specific limit (maximum 120 km/h).

The speed limit is not the same as the recommended speed. Observe the conditions, vehicle and loading when selecting the speed.

Piirroskuva, jossa auto vetää peräkärryä ja toinen perävaunua.

When turning onto a road with two or more lanes, you can choose lanes freer

If on a crossing carriageway there are two or more lanes in the direction of travel, the vehicle may disembarn from the junction using the most appropriate lane taking into account the other traffic. Assess the situation before turning: consider any meetings, next to driving and subsequent. If traffic is busy, it is still safest to select the nearest file. Those who swing in the same direction from opposite directions cannot know on the basis of the benchmark which file you are about to swing. Always remember to use blinkers and have enough speed when turning and changing lanes.

Jos risteävällä ajoradalla on ajosuunnassa kaksi tai useampia ajokaistoja, saa ajoneuvolla poistua risteyksestä sopivinta ajokaistaa käyttäen muu liikenne huomioon ottaen.

Road-specific use for winter tires

Winter tires should be used from the beginning of November to the end of March, if required by the road team. If January is characterized by midsummer weather, you can drive with summer tires. Consider the conditions as a whole, not only according to the road conditions on the main roads. Don’t let winter surprise you. Only drive with tyres that are in good condition. Check the tread depth regularly. Motorcycles and mopeds also have winter tyre requirements.

Talvirenkaita on käytettävä kelin niin vaatiessa.

Parking on the left side of the road

On two-way roads in urban areas it is allowed to park and stop even on the left side of the road. Park on the left side of the road only if it does not cause danger or inconvenience to road users.

Show others your intentions both when you park and when you want to leave the car park – in Swedish: use blinkers.Drive calmly and remember that you need to swerve for both rear-end and oncoming traffic. When opening the door whether you are a driver or a passenger, remember to make sure you do not open the door in front of cyclists.

Piirroskuva vasemmalle puolen katua pysäköidystä autosta.

Association of the files

A mark with a red double-branched arrow on the blue bottom indicates that two files are joined. When you see it, you have to prepare to move to a united file. In turn, the united file is transferred according to the so-called flashbox principle. Foresight and adequate safety distances increase traffic agility and safety: slow down before moving your car sideways.

Merkki, jossa on punainen kaksihaarainen nuoli sinisellä pohjalla, kertoo kahden kaistan yhdistymisestä.

Use both a front and a tail light when it is dark

In dark and dim conditions, or if visibility is poor, the law requires that cyclists use both a front and a tail light. The front light must give out white light and the back light must be red. These lights can be attached to the bike or to the cyclist.

Pyörän punainen takavalo on pakollinen pimeällä polkiessa.