On average, there are 160 fatalities and 4,000 injuries per year. The majority of the car accidents resulting in fatalities occur on main roads outside densely populated areas. The most typical types of accidents are head-on collisions and driving off the road.

Risk factors

There are numerous factors that contribute to traffic accidents. In addition to the combined effects of these major factors, there are also coincidental factors related to accidents. The risk factors related to drivers of private cars include driving under the influence of alcohol, tiredness, speeding and being distracted by non-essential activities such as speaking on a mobile phone.

Anticipatory driving

Maintaining an appropriate situational speed and a safe distance to the vehicle ahead, interacting with other road users and making your own actions predictable to others, and seatbelt use are the main characteristics of safe drivers. By leaving room to react, even surprising situations can be negotiated safely.

Speed is the most significant single factor in road safety.

Driving speed has a direct correlation to braking distance. When the speed is doubled, braking distance is quadrupled. The same applies in reverse: reducing speed by a quarter will decrease the braking distance by nearly half.

In densely populated areas, the minimum safe distance to the vehicle ahead in metres is half of the speed the car is driving at (20 metres when driving at a speed of 40km/h). On main roads under good conditions, the distance in metres should be equal to the speed (80 metres when driving at a speed of 80km/h). This figure is doubled when road and weather conditions are poor.

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