On average, there are 24 fatalities and 700 injuries per year in cycling accidents. Seven out of ten fatalities and nine out of ten injuries occur in densely populated areas. More than half of all cyclist fatalities are over 64 years of age. The risk of injury is also elevated for cyclists between the ages of 10 and 14.

Bicycle equipment

The bicycle must have at least one effective braking device, a bell, a headlight and red tailight for riding in the dark, as well as reflectors in the front, back, the sides and pedals. The front reflector must be white, the rear reflector red, and the pedal and side reflectors dark yellow. Reflecting bicycle tyres are also accepted as side reflectors.

When riding at dusk or in the dark, the law requires that the bicycle has a white or light yellow headlight and red  rear light. Visibility in the dark is further improved by the bicycle rider wearing a reflector tag or a reflector vest.

Transporting a child on a bicycle is only permitted when the bicycle has a child seat equipped with an appropriate seatbelt. Carriage of a passenger is permitted only if the bicycle has a seat suitable for the passenger. When carrying a passenger by bicycle, the bicycle shall have two separate braking devices.

Cycle helmets

A cycle helmet is the only safety device that protects the rider from head injury. Severe brain injury may result even from just falling. The risk of falling is particularly high in slippery conditions during winter. When riding a bicycle the use of cycle helmet is mandatory, but there are no sanctions.

The helmet must be the right size and secured tightly enough not to be flung off in the event of an accident. Bicycle helmets must be replaced after they have suffered an impact.

Bicycle helmets must meet European standard EN 1078 and have CE approval.