Liikennekulttuurikomitea began its operations on 26 September 1929. The committee included representatives of Maaseudun Autonomistajain Liitto, the Ministry for Communications and Public Works, the National Board of General Education, the Association of Rural Municipalities, the Association of Cities and Towns, the Finnish Insurance Association, Automobiilitariffiyhdistys, Suomen Automobiiliklubi, Yleinen Autoliitto, and Suomen Autoilijaliitto.
In 1938, Liikennekulttuurikomitea merged with the Society for Accident Prevention, which had been established three years earlier, and became its traffic section. The name Talja was short for “Traffic Section of the Society for Accident Prevention” in Finnish (Tapaturmantorjuntayhdistyksen liikennejaos). The association’s traffic safety council had its inaugural meeting on 22 May 1939. That date is celebrated as Liikenneturva’s anniversary.
Increased responsibilities in the area of occupational safety in the 1970s required more attention than the association’s occupational safety section was capable of providing. As a result, in the spring of 1971, the Board of Directors of the Society for Accident Prevention resolved to discontinue the organisation and establish two separate operating units.
On 22 October 1971, Liikenneturva – the Central Organisation for Traffic Safety in Finland was established to continue Talja’s work, and Työsuojelu – the Finnish Occupational Safety and Health Association was established on 17 December 1971.
Liikenneturva as an association governed by public law and established by a government decree began its operations at the start of 1974. Liikenneturva ry becoming an association governed by public law was reflected in the greater involvement of political parties, increased government representation in the administrative bodies as well as greater government control over the organisation.
A new government decree that entered into force in 1988 subsequently eliminated the power of political parties in the organisation’s administrative bodies and assigned greater influence to organisations representing the interests of different groups of road users.
Starting from the beginning of 2004, the operations of the Finnish Road Safety Council have been regulated by law and it was supervised by the Ministry of Transport and Communications until the end of 2016.
In conjunction with the comprehensive reform of traffic insurance legislation, the Finnish Road Safety Council’s financing changed to state aid as of the beginning of 2017. A traffic safety payment is collected from traffic insurance companies and subsequently allocated to road safety work through the state budget. The Finnish Transport Safety Agency is the state aid authority responsible for allocating funds to these activities.